Meetup.com has all sorts of groups with different interests, and I am sure you will find a nearby group that aligns with yours. It is designed to show you what is happening close to you.
In a different manner, what I would call a "green" social network also relates to how it functions and the principles on which it was designed. I know you are asking specifically about connecting to nearby folks to reduce you carbon footprint, but consider this: The Federation is a bunch of different Free Software-based social networks that can interact with each other. One of them is Diaspora, which is Free Software that you can host yourself (and run the server on renewable energy if you want to ;) ), but you can also try to find a local pod to sign up. You can even create a local pod that is specifically focused on sustainability, because you can personalise the software. I think that those alternative social networks are sustainable "sensu lato" because it is Free Software, focused on respecting privacy, decentralised, and built to be interoperable. And to tell you the truth, a very big chunk of the users are quite interested in reducing their environmental footprint, because that's the kind of crowd that those networks attract.
Finally, I can think of a different way to connect to like-minded people: start volunteering with an organisation or a political party that is aligned with your interest in reducing your carbon footprint, and has a significant number of members in their local branch. You are likely to find very motivated people that already have a system in place to communicate and organise actions.
Good luck, and keep us informed of what you find!