7

I live on a farm and can say with certainty that cattle and sheep will absolutely eat grass clippings. All of our grass clippings from the around the house go to the animals, along with a significant amount of other garden waste. They not only eat grass but will strip leaves off tree trimmings, and eat fruit and vegetables that may no longer be suitable for ...


7

Gram for gram, meat products produce from twice (comparing fish to wheat) to 150 times (comparing beef to root vegetables) more greenhouse gas emissions than plant products. In 2020, Our World in Data put together a chart showing total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across about 30 types of food, including 11 animal products, in the article "You want to ...


6

Selection Remember to consider a whole-of-plant perspective when saving seed, as the seed determines the success of the whole plant. If the end goal of a grain crop is the maximum yield for a given area, then selecting based on the size of individual seeds may not give an optimal result. Growing You might try to maximise the total weight of seeds ...


5

I found some data from the American Soybean Association on their SoyStats page to help answer this. All data is for 2019. Soybean Product Million metric tons produced USD per ton Total value Meal 44.9 $336 $15.1 billion Oil 11.0 $694 $7.6 billion 33.4 million metric tons (about 60%) of the soybean meal is used as livestock feed in the U.S., and the rest ...


5

Tesco (a large UK supermarket chain) have carbon footprinted a large number of their products - https://www.tescoplc.com/assets/files/cms/Tesco_Product_Carbon_Footprints_Summary(1).pdf. For fresh milk and soya milk these figures were certified by the Carbon Trust. The numbers they give are: Fresh milk average 1.42 kgCO2e/l (range: 1.23 - 1.58) Soya milk ...


4

I have a small coffee farm, and I occasionally employ someone to pick the coffee. At commodity prices, it is hardly even economically sustainable to pick the coffee from the plant, much less get someone to pick up the ones that fall on the ground. I personally, after 3 years of 'practice', can earn about 50 cents an hour picking coffee beans, probably up ...


4

All of the tree fruits, of course: apple pear all citrus apricot avocado cherry date persimmon olive plum fig Most of the soft fruits or "berries": raspberries blackberries blueberries grapes You might put strawberries on this list but they don't last nearly as long as these other berries and tend to require fairly intensive management for the period ...


4

Greenpeace is clearly not anti-science; they are not opposed to scientific practices such as research and publishing. Their 2015 report on pesticides which includes over 150 reference citations, many of which refer to peer-reviewed scientific journals. Using references to scientific papers to construct an argument is the modus operandi of the scientist. ...


4

If someone were to argue that GMOs do not exist or that some particular method which has been devised in a scientific manner to create GMO species does not exist or does not work, that would be arguing against the scientific method - which is one way to interpret "arguing against science". If someone were to argue that use of GMOs leads to ...


4

A document produced by the US Geological Survey, for what looks like a conference presentation, gives a good explanation. Green and blue water are waters from two natural water systems. Green Water is from unsaturated natural water sources, such as soils. One way to think of it is, green water is easily available to and is used green plants. Blue Water is ...


3

There are two very different ways cannibis is grown, and those have radically different environmental impacts. This is somewhat distinct from the legality differences. Grown outdoors cannibis often is more problematic as a weed than for any other environmental impacts, because illegal growers often use remote "wilderness" ares to grow in, don't ...


3

Ripple Foods, the California-based producers of non-dairy milks made from pea protein, commissioned a Life Cycle Analysis of different milk products that included both soy milk and cow/dairy milk. They concluded that soy milk has a smaller carbon footprint than dairy milk. Source: https://www.ripplefoods.com/pdf/Ripple_LCA_Report.pdf


3

What to do with waste products, if not feed them to animals? Organic (of or relating to an organism) waste products all compost and if you want everyone in the world to live on grains and vegetables then you want all the compost you can get. In fact, you want to start using some of the waste products that the west mostly does waste already (nightsoil). ...


3

As others have suggested, it is illegal under World Trade Organisation rules to apply such tariffs on just one country without a specific trade treaty. And if the western countries did impose tariff's across the board on all beef imports, this would penalize the countries that aren't destroying their rain forests to supply beef. The onus is on Brazil to ...


3

Weed control is easier in greenhouses, so herbicides aren't used much. However the higher humidity levels and more constant temperatures make both insect and fungi much larger pests. The expense of operating a greenhouse also pushes to maximize production per square foot, so the use of fertilizers is increased. I would expect more pesticide use per tonne ...


3

To a general question this general answer: I don't know, but in general I don't think so ;-) but then again, ... First: a greenhouse is not a closed environment. It is aerated (insects can come in and go out) and (unless the water is drained in an isolated way) water escapes via the soil (residue pesticide escapes also). Second: pesticides can be a lot of ...


3

Only in family. Dropped fruit. From the tree the goats or pigs will eat. Early fruit with worms or such. Picking time the fruit is picked with long poles With a small bucket & rake on it. It is looked at. Put in the cart under the tree. That is took to the main road & sold. The boys 11 to 15 go up the trees to get what can not be reached drop it down ...


2

In the United States, food products labeled as “organic” are generally believed to be in compliance with the standards of the National Organic Program (NOP), a program of the USDA, which strictly prohibits the use of GMO's under that certification, but even in countries that require GMO labeling, the standard legal threshold of 0.9% is the potential ...


2

I live in an apple growing area. A viable farm has a lot of trees, so they use migrant labour to pick apples. You have to pay the labour more money than you get for the bruised fruit (it goes to the juice factory). The amount that falls on the ground varies by weather (rain, wind) and how much rain the trees got in summer. In a bad year it will hail and they ...


1

Have a look at the work of Martin Crawford, e.g. Creating a Forest Garden: Working with Nature to Grow Edible Crops: Offering inspiration for all gardeners, this book features beautiful color photographs and illustrations throughout, and is divided into two parts. Part One looks at why and how to grow particular crops and how to look after them for ...


1

1,400 gallons per day (including rainwater) According to "The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products" (Mekonnen and Hoekstra, 2011), for the period from 1996 to 2005 the global average water usage for fodder crops was 253 cubic meters per ton (or 253 L per kg). Your original source gives a range of 18 to 25 kg/day for ...


1

If your local laws allow you to keep bees on your property, then you can keep bees, end of discussion. Your neighbor's horses don't come into consideration. If you don't want your beekeeping to affect your neighbors or their horses, keep this in mind. Bees routinely travel up to 3.2km (or even further) in search of food and water. If your neighbor's field ...


1

It will be more nutritious if, instead of "clippings", you use a scythe and rake up the cut grass. Grass clippings from a lawn mower oxidize very quickly since they are so finely chopped up.


1

I used to dry grass clippings as hay, then bag and store until winter and feed to goats. They seemed to much prefer it to regular hay. I think it is more nutritious too.


1

I would recommend some reading up on 'landrace' crops. (from wikipedia with a source) Landrace plants are grown from seeds which have not been systematically selected and marketed by seed companies, nor developed by plant breeders. The label landraces includes all those regional cultigens that are highly heterogeneous, but with enough characteristics in ...


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