A related question was asked on SE Skeptics - Is this tealight-flowerpot heater more efficient than just tealights?
In the third answer, it is claimed the heat produced by one tea light candle is 0.75 MJ per candle.
Where I live, one of the domestic gas suppliers sells gas for 2.78 cents per MJ. The energy value of the gas is 38.713 MJ per cubic metre of ...
Trees (and plants for that matter) can reduce air pollution by trapping small particles (fine dust) on their leaves and by absorbing gases such as nitrogen dioxide, ozone and sulfur dioxide.
However, depending on the location and type of tree it is also possible that trees prevent pollution like exhaust fumes from cars from flowing away quickly. ...
It is possible to farm wood sustainably, or unsustainably. Both ways happen now.
It is possible to use wood pellets for energy while trapping particulate matter and other non-GHG pollutants. This sometimes happens, and sometimes it doesn't.
It is possible to dispose of the resulting post-combustion products in a way that returns the nutrients ...
To encourage people to not use of purchase cars develop a public transportation system that is easily accessible by the to public and caters to the needs of the public so that people will use it. Additionally, the energy source for the public transport system must be electricity. Anything that is combustible, even bio fuels, will maintain a certain level of ...
Several reasons come to mind.
1. Population density
Air pollution is mostly caused by people and the more people live together in a particular area the higher the air pollution generally is. If people are spread more evenly over an area, so is the pollution which means that overall pollution levels are lower.
Both China and India have several cities in ...
Batteries are heavy
- a Tesla 85kWh battery weighs 540kg.
- VW Golf 55.7kWh battery weight 330kg
you are looking at around 6kg per kWh.
The main part of this argument is based on how much heavier an EV is and how much more shedding of the components and road will occur due to that additional weight.
How much heavier are electric cars?
You can use scrubbers to remove NO2 (or better NOX) and SO2 from exhaust gas emissions.
Scrubbers are used in large industrial facilities, power plants, and large ships to clean-up the exhaust gas emissions -- mainly in order to comply with emission thresholds. They are not applied in small-scale combustion facilities such as cars or residential heating ...
Plant a lot of trees -- assuming you mean partciulate pollution: See for example Estimating the removal of atmospheric particulate pollution by the urban tree canopy of London, under current and future environments, Tallis et al. 2011
Although this may not be a direct answer to the question "Why is Delhi the most air-polluted city of the world?" I want to go against the statement that Delhi is the most polluted city since there are a lot of ways to measure this.
The USA today article gives a list of "the world cities with highest pollution levels" ranked on "...
Most of the others are short term. CO2 ultimately depends on the rate biomass increases, and the speed it mixes into the deep ocean. Processes that take very long periods (thousands of years)
Methane and NOx both have half lives in the decades range. So you see CO2e of 20 on a short period (couple of decades) down to 7 over a longer period (...
No. Electric cars emit less particulates.
Main sources of particulate emissions from transport are:
road wear and resuspension of road dust/soil
Exhaust particulate emissions are zero for electric cars. Brake wear is significantly (66% estimated) less for electric cars due to regenerative braking. Tyre wear is related ...
Under RDE [Real Driving Emissions test], a car is driven on public roads and over a wide range of different conditions..... Conditions include:
Low and high altitudes
Additional vehicle payload
Up- and down-hill driving
Urban roads (low speed)
Rural roads (medium speed)
Motorways (high speed)
The simple answer is because any feature costs money, so car makers won't include it unless they're forced to. On some models it's available as an option for extra cost - which relies on the purchaser wanting it. On others, where there's no option, it hasn't been designed for that model, so there's design cost as well as per-unit cost to consider.
As this ...
Idling is particularly bad for NO2 emissions, which are a major concern for air quality. Here's an old paper showing that an idling engine emits more NO2 than one driving at 40 km/h, despite emitting less NO; NO2 is much worse for human health. More recent studies that I've found don't change the conclusion.
At a junction near me there's currently an ...
This brochure of the European Environmental Bureau gives 12 good tips to reduce air pollution in a city. Here a summary and some extra information I added:
Create Low Emission Zones (LEZ): charge or prohibit vehicles that do not comply with certain emission requirements. This is already done in for example London, and Berlin.
In Madrid they propose to do ...
Delhi has acute pollution issues once a year during the time farmers around Delhi burn the waste after the crop has been harvested, this combined with adverse wind directions or weather conditions makes the problem worse. The major part of the problem come from outside Delhi rather than within Delhi, banning stubble burning would and should IMO to a large ...
Yes - CFCs interact with and break down ozone.
It's basic chemistry:
CFCs are lifted by buoyancy into the stratosphere, where they are broken up by the sun's ultraviolet radiation (1), and the chlorine then reacts with ozone (2), with equation:
Cl + O3 → ClO + O2 (3)
Then that chlorine monoxide reacts with atmospheric oxygen: (4)
ClO + O → Cl + O2
and so ...
A car stationary but left running (idling) will cause pollution in that specific location; start stop technology could avoid the pollution responsible for idling. Here I will concentrate not on the global impact of the pollution but at the localised affected area. The differing scenarios are important to understand how much of an effect start-stop will ...
It's possible to fit a dedicated heater run off the fuel system. This is a much more efficient way of turning fuel into cabin heat. They're common in motorhomes in a form that directly heats the cabin air by burning diesel, but in smaller vehicles they work with the existing fans and heater block. Either way they have their own exhaust system.
Yes, they ...
Wear a woolen underlayer (woolen socks + woolen long sleeve t-shirt + woolen long pants)
Wear warm clothes (hat, snood, scarf, warm jumpers, warm trousers)
Wear winter driving gloves (or any warm gloves)
Drink hot drinks
Keep a flask of hot water in the car
Buy an in-car kettle (charged
from cigarette lighter)
Heated car seat cover
Warm blankets (wool is
There is another possible reason, just a theory mind. Small cars may pass emissions testing without the need for the technology whereas large cars must have it to pass. In other words, it is not necessary for small cars to have the technology to meet emission requirements.
(although of course, the vehicles could, with start-stop, still benefit from a 12% ...
Burning grass is effectively carbon-neutral: the carbon dioxide released will get pulled right back out of the air next year as the grass re-grows. Cutting it and letting it decompose would also be carbon-neutral, just taking longer for the carbon dioxide to be released. If you want to stop the grass from being burned, you'll need another argument.
Just found a patent for this: https://www.google.com/patents/US20070154374
Method for removing sulfur dioxide and other acid gases, mercury, and nitrogen oxides from a gas stream with the optional production of ammonia based fertilizers
It's phenomenally complicated, poorly understood, and very difficult to model.
It depends on the layout of buildings, where and when emissions happen, what the local winds are, and what's happening upwind.
It's all a bunch of numerical approximations (so much turbulence, so no analytic closed-form solution), and very expensive to get a snapshot of the ...
I think biofuels are extremely destructive to the planet due the the vast amounts of land required to produce a small amount of energy.