form of anaerobic composting using (effective) microorganisms

Bokashi is a composting method were food scraps or other organic materials are placed in an airtight container and exposed to microorganisms. The microorganisms need a few weeks to ferment the material, after which the fermented waste can be buried in the ground to decompose fully.

The most-well known mix of microorganisms for bokashi composting are the commercially sold 'Effective Microorganisms' (EM1). It is also possible to create your own microorganisms.