17

Education, education, education. Also healthcare, and access to contraception. I don't have any references available, I'm afraid, but repeatedly we have seen that when standards of education are improved in a community - especially education of women - birth rates go down. When child mortality goes down, so does fertility, but that has little effect on ...


4

It may sound contradictory, but according to scientist and statistician Hans Rosling, the main criterion to limit population growth is a reduction of the child mortality rate (see also his Ted Talk on the topic and the stats below). Child mortality rate vs Country population growth rate (including migration) in 2011, Each bubble is a country, bubble color ...


3

This is a complex issue and one that's hard to address succinctly. It gets into the larger matter of media and its role and interaction with society, which is profound. This includes political and social elements going far beyond consumerism and consumption, though those are part of the dynamic. For a short answer: advertising is not the only problem, ...


3

The issue is not advertising per se, but what drives it. In a capitalist system, businesses pursue higher revenues and lower costs in order to maximize profits. Advertising is a part of this system which businesses use to entice customers to spend as much money as possible, thereby increasing revenue. To change advertising so that it doesn't lead to ...


3

It has already been stated that population growth decreases in countries that experience an increase in prosperity. It seems clear to me that this goes hand-in-hand with access to education for all members of the population. To encourage a decrease in number of births per woman in the developing countries, it would seem that the primary goal would be to keep ...


2

Even though I agree with most of the previous answers that education and economic equality would be the most efficient mechanics in the long-run, I feel like they do not directly answer your question as it seemed you wanted to have an instrumental answer in the style of IF-THEN. Given the fact that a multidimensional problem such as over-population ...


2

Fight to poverty. In fact this is the main goal of the UN agency for sustainable development. People living in poor countries use to have more children because they need somebody to take care of them when they'll be old and they rely on their family and cluster to help eachother. It's too easy to thingk that they don't do contraception because of their ...


1

I'm not a demographer, but I attempted a first order approximation based on what I could find. World-O-Meter has a page with world age structure grouped into buckets of 5 years (eg. 20-24). I roughly calculated the total population over the next 100 years by assuming everyone survives until about age 100, so I just zero out one bucket every 5 years. Annual ...


1

Steps that would make a difference: Regulation A: A truth in advertising policy. Go after them hard for deceptive practices, especially 'life style' ads. (The attractive young lady does NOT come with the red convertible.) Hold them to the exact literal truth of anything said on public media. B: Tax advertising. C: Go back to regulating media. When I ...


1

Increase broadcast coverage of television soap operas From the abstract of a research paper titled "Soap Operas and Fertility: Evidence from Brazil" (pdf): We estimate the effect of television on fertility in Brazil, where soap operas portray small families. We exploit differences in the timing of entry into different markets of Globo, the main novela ...


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