Electric is as sustainable as its sources today.
Smartville has 80% coal 20% large hydro (which lends itself to pumped storage). They are replacing 5% of their coal with renewables every year, increasing hydro backpumping capacity to allow pumped storage. They buy a bunch of electric buses/trains. Over the 32 year life of the trains and buses, their ...
Burning grass is effectively carbon-neutral: the carbon dioxide released will get pulled right back out of the air next year as the grass re-grows. Cutting it and letting it decompose would also be carbon-neutral, just taking longer for the carbon dioxide to be released. If you want to stop the grass from being burned, you'll need another argument.
From least damage to most:
Wooden pencils. Provided the manufacturer is eco-friendly and uses wood from properly managed forests and non-toxic paints. Faber-Castell (just chosen because I happen to know) is actually carbon-NEGATIVE: They own forests and plantations (with the intention of using the trees that grow there to produce pencils) that absorb about ...
A few trends which help explain why population growth may not receive significant attention as part of climate change discussions (all charts from Our World in Data):
Per capita emissions rise with GDP
Fertility rates decrease with GDP
GDP per capita is rising around the world
The conclusion from this data (whether ...
Population control programs have always been controversial. Many compulsory sterilization programs have been implemented by various countries over time. China's now abandoned one child policy was decried around the world because of its social impacts.
One result of population control measures was female infanticide, which was also decried.
The other ...