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The small ones aren't too bad. Conventional rototiller will take care of them. Two inch is pushing what a rototiller can handle. If you are running 10/sq foot there won't be many 2" ones. This is one of those "20-20 hindsight is wonderful" momemnts. It's a lot easier to remove stumps while attached to the tree. Method 1: Use a mould board ...


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If you have a tractor that can drive over them a flail mower should work. If you intend to mow anything on the property it would be worth looking into a flail mower because they're very useful (and can also be used to shred fallen timber and for light brush clearing). We used to have one for the orchard and used it to reduce the debris from trimming shelter ...


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We would like to implement as many sustainable strategies as possible, ideally being nearly off-grid, with solar panels, rainwater storage, grey water recycling, humanure / methane tank toilets, ventilation based on good design, etc. Forget it. For example, my house (105 square meters) has perhaps 3500 kWh of electricity used and 13000 kWh of heat used per ...


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A back of the envelope approach to this is to ask how many people can a permaculture farmer feed? And the answer is, "Not many" While permaculture can get outstanding efficiency in terms of calories per acre, it's abysmal at calories per man-year. Consider: A Saskatchewan farmer typically can farm 16 sections (about 10 thousand acres) of land by ...


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I don't think "mid- to large-scale commercial permaculture farms" exist in big enough numbers to give a meaningful answer, even if they'd been studied. I suspect that because there's no branding or certification of permaculture farms it would be difficult to actually perform those studies (first you'd need a definition to identify eligible farms). &...


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