8

Good question, the german recycling system can sometimes be a little overwhelming. First, don't mix up "Pfand" and "Recycling". "Pfand"-bottles will go back to the manufacturer, be cleaned and reused. None of your pictures belongs to the "Pfand" system. But all three can be recycled. The glass-bottle should be the easiest: search for the nearest "Glas-...


4

Just to expand on Werner's excellent response as well as your original linked article: Pfand eligible bottles will usually have some sort of designation on the bottle itself; often times there will be an icon like this and / or the term "Pfandflasche" on the label. Most grocery stores will have an automated kiosk like this to return them and you will receive ...


1

There are a lot of factors and different ways to view environmental impact and it depends on your priorities. If you prioritize energy used to produce, assuming Nate's citation is correct, the steel is only good when the energy required to produce (mine, refine, smelt, forge, transport, etc.) is less than the energy used to produce an equivalent amount of ...


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