Many ecolabels that certify certain sustainability aspects of food products only consider a small portion of the food product's life cycle.

A prominent example may be the MSC label which addresses the environmental impacts caused by fish products during the fishing stage (overfishing, bycatch and more) but not the impacts occurring after the fish is landed.

The KRAV ecolabel on the other hand takes at least the processing stage, additionally to the fishing stage, into account.

More information about these two labels can be found in a paper by Thrane et al. (2008): Eco-labelling of wild-caught seafood products.

Are there more ecolabels (the bigger the more interesting) which consider more than one stage (which may be identified - but don't have to - as resource extraction/growing to harvesting, processing, packaging, transport, consumer stage, waste) of food production?


I was googling using the terms 'certification full life cycle food' because this question appears in the site self-evaluation and I one of the first hits I found is the Environmentally Preferable Product (EPP) certification.

I've never heard of it and am not sure if it is indeed used for food product and how common it is, but they claim to do the following:

examines the entire lifecycle of a product and identifies key areas of improvement

Another one I found using google is The Green Seal Standard for Restaurants and Food Services, GS-46

The standard is based on life cycle research and focuses on leadership environmental improvement in the key impact areas — food, waste, and energy.

Again, I've never heard of it myself and don't know anything about it's popularity.


I can't say that there is one and it would be more difficult to quantify than the specific ones such as Fairtrade or non-GMO.project There is Certified Biodegradable and Rainforest Ecosystem Alliance for 'Social responsibility' and for fish and seafood there are 'Low Contaminant Level' certifications by Seafood Safe, Safe Harbor and Fishwise. Of course there is the Not tested on Animals certified label. I know these are all more focused than what you are asking about.

Your farmer's market is probably your best bet!

Here is a good resource for ecolabels. There are such labels that take into account the whole life cycle but they are optional and dependent on where you live. http://www.ecolabelindex.com/ecolabels/

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